Plasma Physics Publications

Percentage ionisation in crossed field laboratory plasma sources. I.G. Brown, R.C. Cross, B.W. James and C.N. Watson- Munro, Phys. Letts. 23 (1966) 451-2.

Propagation of compressional and torsional Alfven waves under identical plasma conditions. R.C. Cross and J.A. Lehane, Nuclear Fusion 7 (1967) 219-222.

Compressional Alfven wave propagation below ion cyclotron frequency. R.C. Cross and J.A. Lehane, Aust. J. Phys. 21 (1968) 129-138.

Hydromagnetic waves in a nonuniform hydrogen plasma. R.C. Cross and J.A. Lehane, Phys. Fluids 11 (1968) 2621-6.

Nonlinear effects in the propagation of large amplitude Alfven waves in a laboratory plasma. R.C. Cross and C.N. Watson-Munro, Phys. Fluids 11 (1968) 557-62.

Magnetohydrodynamic wave modes behind normal ionising shock waves. R.C. Cross, R.A. Gross, B.W. James and C.N. Watson- Munro, Phys. Fluids 11 (1968) 444-5.

Electric field ahead of normal ionizing shock waves. R.C. Cross, Phys. Fluids 11 (1968) 985-6.

Experimental measurements of the characteristics of normal ionising shock waves. R.C. Cross, B.W. James and C.N. Watson- Munro, Nuclear Fusion 9 (1969) 329-336.

Radio frequency heating of a plasma. R.C. Cross, Can. J. Phys. 48 (1970) 2888-93.

Generation of an acoustic pulse by absorption of radiation. R.C. Cross and R. Ardilla, Can. J. Phys. 48 (1970) 2640-2.

Dynamics of capillary arcs. R.C. Cross, J. Strachan and B. Ahlborn, J. Appl. Phys. 42 (1971) 1221-4.

MHD Switch-on shock structure. L. Bighel, A. Collins and R.C. Cross, Phys. Letts. 47A (1974) 333-4.

Ohmic heating and ionisation measurements for an axial discharge in hydrogen. R.C. Cross and B. Blackwell, Aust. J. Phys. 31 (1978) 61-9.

The effects of ionisation on the jump conditions for MHD and transverse ionising shock waves. R.C. Cross and C.D. Mathers, J. Plasma Phys. 21 (1979) 151-168.

A 633nm vibration insensitive interferometer for the measurement of low plasma electron densities. B. Blackwell, R.C. Cross and I.S. Falconer, J. Phys. E: Sci. Instr. 12 (1979) 39-42.

Measurements of the impedance of a magnetoacoustic wave launching antenna. R.C. Cross and B. Blackwell, J. Plasma Phys. 22 (1979) 499-514.

The TORTUS tokamak. R.C. Cross, B.W. James, H. Kirbie, J.A. Lehane and S.W. Simpson, Atomic Energy in Australia 24 (1981) 2-10.

The effects of discharge cleaning on the production of runaway electrons in TORTUS tokamak. R.C. Cross, J.R. Liu and L. Giannone, Nuclear Fusion 23 (1983) 791-7.

Experimental observations of localised Alfven and ion acoustic waves in a plasma. R.C. Cross, Plasma Physics 25 (1983) 1377-87.

Guided propagation of Alfven waves in a toroidal plasma. G.G. Borg, M.H. Brennan, R.C. Cross, L. Giannone and I.J. Donnelly, Plas. Phys. and Contr. Fusion 27 (1985) 1125-49.

Alfven wave modes in a cylindrical plasma with finite edge density. R.C. Cross and A.B. Murphy, Plas. Phys. and Contr. Fusion. 28 (1986) 597-612.

Guided propagation of Alfven and ion-ion hybrid waves in a plasma with two ion species, G. G. Borg and R. C. Cross, Plasma Phys. and Contr. Fusion. 29 (1987) 681-696.

Probe measurements of MHD activity in the TORTUS tokamak, L. Giannone, R. C. Cross and I. Hutchinson, Nuclear Fusion, 27 (1987) 2085-2100.

A comparison of shielded and unshielded antennas for Alfven wave heating in a tokamak, M.J. Ballico, M.H. Brennan, R.C. Cross, J.A. Lehane and M.L. Sawley, Plasma Phys. and Contr. Fusion, 30 (1988) 1331-8.

Propagation of torsional Alfven waves in an inhomogeneous plasma, R.C.Cross, Plasma Phys. and Contr. Fusion, 30 (1988) 1213-1226.

Torsional Alfven modes in dipole and toroidal magnetospheres, R.C. Cross, Planet. Space Science, 36 (1988) 1461-1468.

Fast Alfven eigenmodes in a cylindrical, inhomogeneous plasma, M.J. Ballico and R.C. Cross, Plas. Phys. Contr. Fusion 31 (1989) 1141 - 56.

Probe measurements of ICRF Alfven surface waves in the TORTUS tokamak, M.J. Ballico and R.C. Cross, Fusion Engineering and Design 12 (1990) 197 - 201.

Spectrum of fast Alfven eigenmodes in a cylindrical, current- carrying plasma, M.J. Ballico and R.C. Cross, Phys. Fluids B 2 (1990) 467 - 474.

Fast Alfven eigenmodes in a rectangular cross-section torus, M.J. Ballico and R.C. Cross, Plas. Phys. Contr. Fusion 33 (1991) 1825 -- 1839.

Measurements of ICRF edge wave fields in a tokamak, M.J. Ballico and R.C. Cross, Plas. Phys. Contr. Fusion 33 (1991) 1841 - 1861.

Effects of electron mass on Alfven waves in a cylindrical plasma, R.C. Cross and D.G. Miljak, Plas. Phys. Contr. Fusion 35 (1993) 235 -- 252.

Biasing experiment on TORTUS, X.B. Li, R.C. Cross and D.G. Miljak, Plas. Phys. Contr. Fusion 36 (1994) 73-79.

Measurement of Plasma Diamagnetism by a coil located inside a conducting wall, X.B. Li and R.C. Cross, Rev. Sc. Instr. 65(8) 2623-2628, 1994.

The discrete Alfven spectrum observed in the TORTUS tokamak, D.G. Miljak and R.C. Cross, Plas. Phys. Contr. Fusion, 38 (1996) 207 - 228.

Modification of the density profile in a toroidal plasma source using a bias electric field, B.C. Zhang and R.C. Cross, Applied Physics Letters, 70, 3090--3092 (1997)

A high power radio frequency transformer for plasma production in a toroidal plasma source, B.C. Zhang and R.C. Cross, Review of Scientific Instruments, 69, 2155--2159 (1998)

Application of a toroidal plasma source to TiN thin film deposition, B.C. Zhang and R.C. Cross, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A, 16, (1998)

             TORTUS Photo  (larger)

The TORTUS tokamak (on the left) and the PLADEPUS toroidal plasma source in 1994. To the untrained eye, these looked like rat’s nests. To the funding agencies they probably looked like a drain on their resources. They were actually very nice, inexpensive devices that allowed us to study wave propagation and plasma deposition and to train about 12 PhD students in the art and science of plasma physics, during 1980 – 1998. The temperature in TORTUS reached 3,000,000 degrees, the plasma was immersed in a magnetic field of about 1 Tesla, and the plasma was heated with a current of 30,000 Amp lasting 30 ms. In the PLADEPUS device, the plasma was maintained continuously with an AC current of about 100 Amp.